Editing Category:Voting methods

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In [[party-list proportional representation]] systems, candidates can be aligned with, or nominated by, [[political party|political parties]], and the party's list of candidates plays a functional role within the system.  These parties may in turn be aligned with other parties, to form [[coalition]]s, which can play roles beyond those played by the party.  These systems are designed to ensure [[proportional representation]], the idea that the candidates selected from a given party (or, in non-party-list systems, informal grouping) should be in proportion to the votes cast for that party.  Some of these systems, however, have [[election threshold]]s--minimum numbers of votes cast for a party to win any seats.  The purpose of an election threshold is generally to keep very small parties from participating in a parliament, in order to maintain stability of governments.
 
In [[party-list proportional representation]] systems, candidates can be aligned with, or nominated by, [[political party|political parties]], and the party's list of candidates plays a functional role within the system.  These parties may in turn be aligned with other parties, to form [[coalition]]s, which can play roles beyond those played by the party.  These systems are designed to ensure [[proportional representation]], the idea that the candidates selected from a given party (or, in non-party-list systems, informal grouping) should be in proportion to the votes cast for that party.  Some of these systems, however, have [[election threshold]]s--minimum numbers of votes cast for a party to win any seats.  The purpose of an election threshold is generally to keep very small parties from participating in a parliament, in order to maintain stability of governments.
  
=== None of the above and write-ins ===
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=== None of the above and write-ins===
  
 
In some voting systems, voters may choose to select none of the candidates (or poll options), by voting for a "None of the above" option. If this option wins, the election fails, all candidates or poll options are excluded from a subsequent election.  Alternately, some elections allow voters to write in the name of a person (or of the poll option) not on the ballot as their option.
 
In some voting systems, voters may choose to select none of the candidates (or poll options), by voting for a "None of the above" option. If this option wins, the election fails, all candidates or poll options are excluded from a subsequent election.  Alternately, some elections allow voters to write in the name of a person (or of the poll option) not on the ballot as their option.
 
=== Candidate Withdrawal option ===
 
 
Allows candidates to withdraw from contention after the votes are cast, to avoid being spoilers or to foil manipulative voting strategies. See [[Candidate withdrawal option]].
 
  
 
== Criteria in evaluating voting systems ==
 
== Criteria in evaluating voting systems ==

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