Difference between revisions of "First Past the Post electoral system"

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{{Wikipedia|First-past-the-post voting}}A '''first-past-the-post''' ('''FPTP'''; sometimes '''FPP''')<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.dia.govt.nz/diawebsite.nsf/wpg_URL/Resource-material-STV-Information-More-about-FPP?OpenDocument|title=More about FPP|author=The Department of Internal Affairs, Government of New Zealand|website=dia.govt.nz|language=en-NZ|access-date=2019-02-17}}</ref> [[electoral system]] is one in which voters indicate on a ballot the candidate of their choice, and the candidate who receives the most votes wins. This is sometimes described as ''winner takes all''. First-past-the-post voting is a [[plurality voting]] method. FPTP is a common, but not universal, feature of electoral systems with [[w:Single-member district|single-member electoral divisions]], and is practised in close to one third of countries. Notable examples include the [[w:United States]], the [[w:United Kingdom]], as well as some of the latter's former [[w:colony|colonies]] and [[w:protectorate]]s, such as [[w:Canada]] or [[w:India]].
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{{Wikipedia|First-past-the-post voting}}A '''first-past-the-post''' ('''FPTP'''; sometimes '''FPP''')<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.dia.govt.nz/diawebsite.nsf/wpg_URL/Resource-material-STV-Information-More-about-FPP?OpenDocument|title=More about FPP|author=The Department of Internal Affairs, Government of New Zealand|website=dia.govt.nz|language=en-NZ|access-date=2019-02-17}}</ref> [[electoral system]] is one in which voters indicate on a ballot the candidate of their choice, and the candidate who receives the most votes wins.
  
The '''first-past-the-post electoral system''' is a [[voting system]] for single-member districts, variously called '''first-past-the-post (FPTP or FPP)''', '''winner-take-all''', '''[[plurality]] voting''', or '''relative majority'''.  In political science, it is known as '''Single-Member Plurality''' or '''SMP'''. This system is in use at all levels of politics. It is a key component of the original implementation the [[Westminster System]] in Briton and subsequently the British colonies.  A thorough list is given below.
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First-past-the-post elections only require winning candidates to receive a [[plurality]] of the total number of votes. FPTP is a common feature of electoral systems with [[w:Single-member district|single-member electoral divisions]], and is practised in close to one third of countries. Notable examples include the [[w:United States|United States]], the [[w:United Kingdom|United Kingdom]], as well as some of the latter's former [[w:colony|colonies]] and [[w:protectorate|protectorate]]s, such as [[w:Canada|Canada]] or [[w:India|India]].
  
Wales, Scotland, both North and South Ireland, and New Zealand have fairly recently implemented different election systems.
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Fist-past-the-post is often referred to with the following terms:
The possible solution for UK was handled by the Jenkins Committee in the late 1980s but no final solution has been reached yet.
 
  
In 2005, the Canadian province of British Columbia held a referendum on changing their FPTP to [[STV]]; it was narrowly defeated.
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* winner-take-all
 
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* plurality voting
Recent examples of nations which have not adopted the FPTP system includes South Africa, almost all of the former east bloc nations, Russia and Afghanistan as well as Iraq.
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* relative majority
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* choose-one voting
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* single-member plurality (SMP).  
  
 
The term "first past the post" refers to a now seldom-used analogy with horse racing, where the winner is the first to pass a particular point (in this case a plurality of votes), upon which all other runners automatically and completely lose ("winner take all").
 
The term "first past the post" refers to a now seldom-used analogy with horse racing, where the winner is the first to pass a particular point (in this case a plurality of votes), upon which all other runners automatically and completely lose ("winner take all").
  
{{fromwikipedia}}
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== Activism around FPTP ==
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Much electoral activism has centered around providing alternatives to FPTP voting.{{fromwikipedia}}
  
 
[[Category:Single-winner voting methods]]
 
[[Category:Single-winner voting methods]]
 
[[Category:Binary voting methods]]
 
[[Category:Binary voting methods]]
 
[[Category:Single-mark ballot voting methods]]
 
[[Category:Single-mark ballot voting methods]]

Latest revision as of 03:38, 14 December 2019

Wikipedia has an article on:

A first-past-the-post (FPTP; sometimes FPP)[1] electoral system is one in which voters indicate on a ballot the candidate of their choice, and the candidate who receives the most votes wins.

First-past-the-post elections only require winning candidates to receive a plurality of the total number of votes. FPTP is a common feature of electoral systems with single-member electoral divisions, and is practised in close to one third of countries. Notable examples include the United States, the United Kingdom, as well as some of the latter's former colonies and protectorates, such as Canada or India.

Fist-past-the-post is often referred to with the following terms:

  • winner-take-all
  • plurality voting
  • relative majority
  • choose-one voting
  • single-member plurality (SMP).

The term "first past the post" refers to a now seldom-used analogy with horse racing, where the winner is the first to pass a particular point (in this case a plurality of votes), upon which all other runners automatically and completely lose ("winner take all").

Activism around FPTP[edit | edit source]

Much electoral activism has centered around providing alternatives to FPTP voting.

This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia (view authors).
  1. The Department of Internal Affairs, Government of New Zealand. "More about FPP". dia.govt.nz. Retrieved 2019-02-17.