Ratings ballot

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A ratings ballot, or cardinal ballot, is a ballot in which, for each candidate, a voter is asked to "rate" the candidate on a scale, for example from 0 to 100 or from -5 to 5. Ratings are usually (though not always) restricted to integer values.

An approval ballot can be thought of as a ratings ballot with an integer scale from 0 to 1 (inclusive).

Voting systems that use a ratings ballot include range voting, instant runoff normalized ratings, and cardinal pairwise.