Schwartz Woodall is a ranked voting method, a variation of Woodall's method.
Definition[edit | edit source]
There are two equivalent definitions of the Schwartz set:
X beats Y if more ballots rank X over Y than rank Y over X.
Beatpath definition[edit | edit source]
There is a beatpath from X to Y if either X beats Y, or X beats something that has a beatpath to Y.
X has a beatpath to Y if there is a beatpath from X to Y.
X is in the Schwartz set if there is no Y such that there is a beatpath from Y to X, but not from X to Y.
Unbeaten set definition[edit | edit source]
- An unbeaten set is a set of candidates none of whom are beaten by anyone outside that set.
- An innermost unbeaten set is an unbeaten set that doesn't contain a smaller unbeaten set.
- The Schwartz set is the set of candidates who are in innermost unbeaten sets.