Category:FPTP-based voting methods

From electowiki

These voting methods, based on choose-one FPTP voting, are based around the idea that a voter can only give their full support to one candidate at any given time. They can also be conceptualized as voting methods that look only at a voter's 1st choice(s) (i.e. their favorite(s)) among all candidates.

Note that while most have little (or at least significantly less) issue with this in the context of Proportional Representation (where, though a voter's support may go to a party rather than a candidate, their vote is always directly tied to electing at most one representative in most PR methods), this is harshly criticized in various degrees by many voting reform advocates in the single-winner context, because they argue that the inability to support multiple candidates creates vulnerabilities to the center squeeze effect and Favorite Betrayal criterion failures, leading to unrepresentative polarization and lack of choices and viable candidates (i.e. an artificially induced limit on number of possible frontrunners).

Note that not all voting reform advocates agree on how to deal with this. IRV advocates, for example, say that it is enough to allow a voter to support only one candidate at a time, so long as their support is transferred to another when their candidate has the fewest votes. Most other advocates support things like rated methods and Condorcet methods, which allow a voter to show their support for multiple alternatives at once.

Cumulative voting can be seen as a generalization of the entire category, as it allows voters to split their support among candidates such that all of the support adds up to being equal to or less than full support for one candidate.

Most of these methods pass the majority criterion, with the notable exception of things like Random ballot.


This category has only the following subcategory.