E Pluribus Hugo

From electowiki

E Pluribus Hugo (or "EPH") is the name for the voting method invented to make the nominations process for the Hugo Awards more proportional. It was created in response to a problem where a minority of voters (split into two allied sub-factions who called themselves the "Sad Puppies" and "Rabid Puppies" respectively) were able to use coordinated bloc voting under the prior method to control a majority or even all of the nominations. EPH was designed for a situation where the list of eligible candidates is quite long; for instance, for the "Best Short Story" Hugo, all science fiction short stories that were published in past year. It works as follows:

  1. Each voter nominates up to N candidates.
  2. Until only S non-eliminated candidates remain (where S is the number of slots to fill), proceed as follows:
    1. Each ballot has 1 point. Divide that point equally among all the non-eliminated candidates it nominated.
    2. Find the two candidates with the lowest point total.
    3. Of those two candidates, eliminate the one which was nominated on the fewest ballots.

History[edit | edit source]

EPH was invented in 2015 by Jameson Quinn, in collaboration and cooperation with the commenters on the blog Making Light. It was analyzed in a paper by Jameson Quinn and Bruce Schneier. [1] It was adopted by the World Science Fiction Society for Hugo nominations in votes in 2015 and 2016, and first used in 2017.

References[edit | edit source]

  1. "Academic: A Proportional Voting System for Awards Nominations Resistant to Voting Blocs - Schneier on Security". www.schneier.com. Retrieved 2022-05-04. (This paper was fully peer reviewed and accepted in its final form by the journal Voting Matters, but the journal folded before the relevant issue was published.)