Mathematical model

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According to English Wikipedia:[1]

A mathematical model is an abstract description of a concrete system using mathematical concepts and language.[2] The process of developing a mathematical model is termed mathematical modeling. Mathematical models are used in the natural sciences (such as physics, biology, earth science, chemistry) and engineering disciplines (such as computer science, electrical engineering), as well as in non-physical systems such as the social sciences[3] (such as economics, psychology, sociology, political science). It can also be taught as a subject in its own right.[4]


  1. Copied and adapted from w:Mathematical model
  2. See also: w:abstract and concrete
  3. Saltelli, Andrea; et al. (June 2020). "Five ways to ensure that models serve society: a manifesto". Nature. 582 (7813): 482–484. doi:10.1038/d41586-020-01812-9.
  4. Edwards, Dilwyn; Hamson, Mike (2007). Guide to Mathematical Modelling (2 ed.). New York: Industrial Press Inc. ISBN 978-0-8311-3337-5.