There's a song about this place.
Single transferable vote[edit | edit source]
To weaken the party machine that was controlling New York City, progressive forces pushed for the adoption of STV there, and STV was adopted by voters of the city in 1936. Before this change, Democrats would win above 90% of the seats on the Board of Aldermen; in the first election after proportional representation, in 1941, the Democrats won 65.5% of the seats with 64% of the vote, with four other parties also being represented.
The Democratic party machine fought back and managed to repeal the method in 1947, using red-baiting tactics. In the New York Post in 1947, Tammany Hall leader Frank J. Sampson called STV "This Stalin Frankenstein system" and "a foreign political theory that has created confusion with the blessing of the Kremlin".
After the repeal, the old arrangement quickly restored itself: in 1949, the Democratic party won 24 of the 25 seats.
Board of Aldermen party diversity with FPTP and STV[edit | edit source]
|Year||Voting method||Effective number of parties by votes||Effective number of parties by seats|
|1931||First past the post||2.39||1.08|
|1933||First past the post||2.74||1.75|
|1935||First past the post||2.38||1.21|
|1937||Single transferable vote||4.24||4.23|
|1939||Single transferable vote||3.00||2.98|
|1941||Single transferable vote||3.10||3.00|
|1943||Single transferable vote||3.28||3.07|
|1945||Single transferable vote||3.42||3.39|
|1949||First past the post||3.56||1.18|
References[edit | edit source]
- ↑ Docter, Jesse; Landsman, Theodore. "Proportional Representation In New York City" (PDF). FairVote. Retrieved 2022-04-01.
- ↑ Zeller, Belle; Bone, Hugh A. (1948). "The Repeal of P.R. in New York City—Ten Years in Retrospect". American Political Science Review. Cambridge University Press (CUP). 42 (6): 1127–1148. doi:10.2307/1950618. ISSN 0003-0554.
- ↑ Rosa-Clot, Michele (2008). "This Stalin Frankenstein System: Adoption and Abrogation of Proportional Representation in New York City, 1936-1947" (PDF). Rivista di Studi Americani. 17 (18): 201–240.