United States

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The United States of America (also known as the USA or the US) is a big country, which seems to think it's the birthplace of democracy, but the Magna Carta predates George Washington and Thomas Jefferson by a few years. Not to mention all of those Greek statues. See Democracy


This wiki divides the contiguous lower 48 states of the USA into four regions based on major timezone. Each region includes all of the US states whose capitol is in the given timezone:


The text of this section is copied from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Law_of_the_United_States&oldid=976780548
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The United States Constitution

The law of the United States comprises many levels[1] of codified and uncodified forms of law, of which the most important is the United States Constitution, which prescribes the foundation of the federal government of the United States, as well as various civil liberties. The Constitution sets out the boundaries of federal law, which consists of Acts of Congress,[2] treaties ratified by the Senate,[3] regulations promulgated by the executive branch,[4] and case law originating from the federal judiciary.[5] The United States Code is the official compilation and codification of general and permanent federal statutory law.

Federal law and treaties, so long as they are in accordance with the Constitution, preempt conflicting state and territorial laws in the 50 U.S. states and in the territories.[6] However, the scope of federal preemption is limited because the scope of federal power is not universal. In the dual-sovereign[7] system of American federalism (actually tripartite[8] because of the presence of Indian reservations), states are the plenary sovereigns, each with their own constitution, while the federal sovereign possesses only the limited supreme authority enumerated in the Constitution.[9] Indeed, states may grant their citizens broader rights than the federal Constitution as long as they do not infringe on any federal constitutional rights.[10][11] Thus, most U.S. law (especially the actual "living law" of contract, tort, property, criminal, and family law experienced by the majority of citizens on a day-to-day basis) consists primarily of state law, which can and does vary greatly from one state to the next.[12][13]

At both the federal and state levels, with the exception of the state of Louisiana, the law of the United States is largely derived from the common law system of English law, which was in force at the time of the American Revolutionary War.[14][15] However, American law has diverged greatly from its English ancestor both in terms of substance and procedure[16] and has incorporated a number of civil law innovations.

Political Eras

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Most political scientists and historians agree that the United States has always had a two-party system, and have told U.S. history through the lens of the various political eras (or "Party Systems"), when different parties have risen and fell evolving to the current political party system existing in the United States.

Popular votes to political parties during presidential elections.
Political parties derivation. Dotted line means unofficially.

The United States Constitution is silent on the subject of political parties. George Washington (the first President of the United States) was not a member of any political party at the time of his election or throughout his tenure as president.[17][18] Furthermore, he hoped that political parties would not be formed, fearing conflict and stagnation, as outlined in his Farewell Address.[19]

This did not happen, and soon the "Federalist" and "Anti-Federalist" parties coalesced. Over the next several decades, the dominant parties shifted, but the by the late 19th century, the Democratic Party and the Republican Party came to dominate United States' politics. Historians have disagreed on the exact boundary between political eras, but often agree on five or six eras, which they refer to as "Party Systems"


main article Advocacy/United States

The US is full of people that don't understand electoral systems. We hope to fix that here on electowiki. See Advocacy/United States to learn more about organizations that are trying to fix things.


  1. See Stephen Elias and Susan Levinkind, Legal Research: How to Find & Understand The Law, 14th ed. (Berkeley: Nolo, 2005), 22.
  2. Ex parte Virginia, Template:Ussc.
  3. Head Money Cases, Template:Ussc.
  4. Skidmore v. Swift & Co., Template:Ussc.
  5. Cooper v. Aaron, Template:Ussc.
  6. William Burnham, Introduction to the Law and Legal System of the United States, 4th ed. (St. Paul, MN: Thomson West, 2006), 41.
  7. Gregory v. Ashcroft, Template:Ussc.
  8. Kowalski, Tonya (2009). "The Forgotten Sovereigns". Fla. St. U. L. Rev. 36 (4): 765–826.
  9. United States v. Lopez, Template:Ussc.
  10. Pruneyard Shopping Center v. Robins, Template:Ussc.
  11. California v. Ramos, Template:Ussc.
  12. Hughes, Graham (1996). "Common Law Systems". In Morisson, Alan B. (ed.). Fundamentals of American Law. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 9–26. ISBN 9780198764052. Retrieved 11 August 2020.
  13. Friedman, Lawrence M. (2019). A History of American Law (4th ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 646. ISBN 9780190070915. Retrieved 11 August 2020.
  14. Hughes, Graham (1996). "Common Law Systems". In Morisson, Alan B. (ed.). Fundamentals of American Law. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 9–26. ISBN 9780198764052. Retrieved 11 August 2020.
  15. Friedman, Lawrence M. (2019). A History of American Law (4th ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 3. ISBN 9780190070915. Retrieved 11 August 2020. Professor Friedman points out that English law itself was never completely uniform across England prior to the 20th century. The result was that the colonists recreated the legal diversity of English law in the American colonies.
  16. White, G. Edward (2012). Law in American History, Volume 1: From the Colonial Years Through the Civil War. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 49–50. ISBN 9780195102475. Retrieved 11 August 2020.
  17. Chambers, William Nisbet (1963). Political Parties in a New Nation.
  18. Previous citation copied from "Federalist Party", English Wikipedia, 2020-12-27, retrieved 2021-01-09
  19. Template:Cite WS