Proportional Subset Voting

From electowiki

Proportional Subset Voting (PSV) is a Single-Winner and Multi-Winner, Cardinal voting systems proposed by Aldo Tragni.

Procedure

Ballot uses range [0%,100%]. Failed to parse (SVG (MathML can be enabled via browser plugin): Invalid response ("Math extension cannot connect to Restbase.") from server "https://wikimedia.org/api/rest_v1/":): {\displaystyle N} is the number of winners.

For each vote, and for each subset of Failed to parse (SVG (MathML can be enabled via browser plugin): Invalid response ("Math extension cannot connect to Restbase.") from server "https://wikimedia.org/api/rest_v1/":): {\displaystyle N} candidates:

  • create a list of Failed to parse (SVG (MathML can be enabled via browser plugin): Invalid response ("Math extension cannot connect to Restbase.") from server "https://wikimedia.org/api/rest_v1/":): {\displaystyle G_i} groups, 1 for each percentage, multiple of Failed to parse (SVG (MathML can be enabled via browser plugin): Invalid response ("Math extension cannot connect to Restbase.") from server "https://wikimedia.org/api/rest_v1/":): {\displaystyle \frac{100\%}{N}} (eg for N = 4 the groups are 0%, 25%, 50%, 75%, 100%).
  • for each Failed to parse (SVG (MathML can be enabled via browser plugin): Invalid response ("Math extension cannot connect to Restbase.") from server "https://wikimedia.org/api/rest_v1/":): {\displaystyle G_i} , the voters with a total approval Failed to parse (SVG (MathML can be enabled via browser plugin): Invalid response ("Math extension cannot connect to Restbase.") from server "https://wikimedia.org/api/rest_v1/":): {\displaystyle =G_i} are counted getting Failed to parse (SVG (MathML can be enabled via browser plugin): Invalid response ("Math extension cannot connect to Restbase.") from server "https://wikimedia.org/api/rest_v1/":): {\displaystyle C_i} Failed to parse (SVG (MathML can be enabled via browser plugin): Invalid response ("Math extension cannot connect to Restbase.") from server "https://wikimedia.org/api/rest_v1/":): {\displaystyle (\ \mathrm{ total\ approval\ of\ the\ N\ candidates}=\frac{\mathrm{ratings\ sum}}{N}\ )} . Each Failed to parse (SVG (MathML can be enabled via browser plugin): Invalid response ("Math extension cannot connect to Restbase.") from server "https://wikimedia.org/api/rest_v1/":): {\displaystyle C_i} is then divided by the number of voters.
  • find the group with the lowest percentage Failed to parse (SVG (MathML can be enabled via browser plugin): Invalid response ("Math extension cannot connect to Restbase.") from server "https://wikimedia.org/api/rest_v1/":): {\displaystyle G_{min}} containing Failed to parse (SVG (MathML can be enabled via browser plugin): Invalid response ("Math extension cannot connect to Restbase.") from server "https://wikimedia.org/api/rest_v1/":): {\displaystyle C_{min}>0} , and associate Failed to parse (SVG (MathML can be enabled via browser plugin): Invalid response ("Math extension cannot connect to Restbase.") from server "https://wikimedia.org/api/rest_v1/":): {\displaystyle S_{min}=\{G_{min},C_{min}\}} to the subset.
  • find the group with the highest percentage Failed to parse (SVG (MathML can be enabled via browser plugin): Invalid response ("Math extension cannot connect to Restbase.") from server "https://wikimedia.org/api/rest_v1/":): {\displaystyle G_{max}} containing Failed to parse (SVG (MathML can be enabled via browser plugin): Invalid response ("Math extension cannot connect to Restbase.") from server "https://wikimedia.org/api/rest_v1/":): {\displaystyle C_{max}>0} , and associate Failed to parse (SVG (MathML can be enabled via browser plugin): Invalid response ("Math extension cannot connect to Restbase.") from server "https://wikimedia.org/api/rest_v1/":): {\displaystyle S_{max}=\{G_{max},C_{max}\}} to the subset.

Sort the subsets from major to minor based on the Failed to parse (SVG (MathML can be enabled via browser plugin): Invalid response ("Math extension cannot connect to Restbase.") from server "https://wikimedia.org/api/rest_v1/":): {\displaystyle S_{min}} value; if there are tied subsets then sort them from minor to major based on the Failed to parse (SVG (MathML can be enabled via browser plugin): Invalid response ("Math extension cannot connect to Restbase.") from server "https://wikimedia.org/api/rest_v1/":): {\displaystyle S_{max}} value. The subset that is first after sorting wins.

If there are any tied subsets, Failed to parse (SVG (MathML can be enabled via browser plugin): Invalid response ("Math extension cannot connect to Restbase.") from server "https://wikimedia.org/api/rest_v1/":): {\displaystyle P} is calculated which is the sum of the products between Failed to parse (SVG (MathML can be enabled via browser plugin): Invalid response ("Math extension cannot connect to Restbase.") from server "https://wikimedia.org/api/rest_v1/":): {\displaystyle G_i} and Failed to parse (SVG (MathML can be enabled via browser plugin): Invalid response ("Math extension cannot connect to Restbase.") from server "https://wikimedia.org/api/rest_v1/":): {\displaystyle C_i} . The subset that has highest Failed to parse (SVG (MathML can be enabled via browser plugin): Invalid response ("Math extension cannot connect to Restbase.") from server "https://wikimedia.org/api/rest_v1/":): {\displaystyle P} wins.

Procedure with range

The ratings of the range have values between [0%,100%]. For example, if it has 5 ratings {0,1,2,3,4} then the respective values will be {0%,25%,50%,75%,100%}.

The only difference with the procedure that uses multiple-choice ballots is that:

  • the total approval of a voter for N candidates must be somehow rounded up to a multiple of Failed to parse (SVG (MathML can be enabled via browser plugin): Invalid response ("Math extension cannot connect to Restbase.") from server "https://wikimedia.org/api/rest_v1/":): {\displaystyle \frac{100\%}{N}} , in order to be counted in the list of Failed to parse (SVG (MathML can be enabled via browser plugin): Invalid response ("Math extension cannot connect to Restbase.") from server "https://wikimedia.org/api/rest_v1/":): {\displaystyle G_i} groups.

Example

Ballot uses 2 ratings, that is: {0,1} = {0%, 100%}. There are 6 winners and the following votes:

A[1] B[1] C[1] D[1] E[1] F[1] G[0] ...
A[1] B[1] C[1] D[1] E[1] F[1] G[0] ...
A[1] B[1] C[1] D[0] E[0] F[0] G[1] ...

The list of groups associated with the subset of 6 candidates is:

0%[] 16%[] 33%[] 50%[] 66%[] 83%[] 100%[]

The total approval of the 3 voters is calculated for the following subsets:

ABCDEF: [100%, 100%, 50%]
ABCDEG: [83%,  83%,  66%]

Total approvals are counted for each subset, and then divided by the number of voters (3 in this case):

ABCDEF
 Count:    0%[] 16%[] 33%[] 50%[1]   66%[] 83%[] 100%[2]
 Division: 0%[] 16%[] 33%[] 50%[33%] 66%[] 83%[] 100%[66%]
 Short:    50%[33%] 100%[66%]
ABCDEG
 Count:    0%[] 16%[] 33%[] 50%[] 66%[1]   83%[2]   100%[]
 Division: 0%[] 16%[] 33%[] 50%[] 66%[33%] 83%[66%] 100%[]
 Short:    66%[33%] 83%[66%]

Find Failed to parse (SVG (MathML can be enabled via browser plugin): Invalid response ("Math extension cannot connect to Restbase.") from server "https://wikimedia.org/api/rest_v1/":): {\displaystyle \{S_{min},S_{max}\}} and sort:

ABCDEG: {33%,83%}
ABCDEF: {33%,100%}

ABCDEG wins.

Calculate P, just to show how this is done:

ABCDEF: 50%[33%] 100%[66%]  -->  50%*33% + 100%*66% = 0,825
ABCDEG: 66%[33%] 83%[66%]   -->  66%*33% + 83%*66%  = 0,765

Subset Voting (category)

N is the number of winners.

For each vote, and for each subset of N candidates, a score S is obtained using procedure p1, finally obtaining the converted votes.

Procedure p2 (eg a Single-Winner system) is used, on the converted votes, to obtain the winning subset.


The size of the range, procedure p1, and procedure p2 chosen, determine the variant of Subset Voting.