# Instant Runoff Normalized Ratings

Instant Runoff Normalized Ratings, or IRNR is a method devised by Brian Olson. Based on a ratings ballot, the method seeks to give every voter equal power and encourage honest ratings.

The first step is normalizing, which can happen in two ways:

• Divide each rating by the sum of the absolute values of the ratings. The sum of absolute values of the ratings will then be 1.
• This shall be called IRNR since the normalization factor is the L1 norm.
• Divide each rating by the square root of the sum of the squared ratings. The vote will then be a vector with magnitude 1.
• This shall be called IRNR since the normalization factor is the L2 norm.
• One could more generally consider IRNR[p], based on the Lp norm, for any fixed real p with $1 \le p \le \infty$ . (To avoid difficulties with dividing by 0, we agree to ignore votes that rank all candidates 0.)

Formula for IRNR[n] normalization:

$\begin{equation} {C_{new}} =\frac{C_{old}}{\sqrt[n]{\sum \left(\bigl| C_{i}\bigr|^{n}\right)}} \end{equation}$ $\begin{equation}{C_{old}}\end{equation}$ = rating of candidate C in the vote, before the normalization.
$\begin{equation}{C_{new}}\end{equation}$ = rating of C, after the normalization.
$\begin{equation}{C_{i}}\end{equation}$ = ratings of each candidate in the vote, before the normalization.


The second step consists of summing up the normalized ratings for each candidate. If there are two choices, the highest rated is the winner. If there are more than two choices, the lowest rated choice is disqualified.

The process repeats with a normalization step that ignores disqualified choices. A voter's voting power is thus redistributed among the remaining choices.