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The wiki is 14 years old and has never had a ton of activity, so the goals/policies were never really solidified. Your input is welcome, especially on how to handle the separation of biased advocacy from neutral informative content (which are both welcome). See Electowiki:The caucus for the discussion topics and Electowiki:Policy. — Psephomancy (talk) 18:24, 22 January 2020 (UTC)
- Suppose you're in a party list setting and there are four parties (R, D, Greens, and Libertarians). A consensus method would choose an equal number from each party to sit on the council even though vastly more voters vote for R and D than Greens and Libs. The way this ties in to consensus is that if the council uses supermajority or unanimity for its voting process, then it's more important to have a wide variety of representatives than that they are proportionally represented. In the extreme case of unanimity, it doesn't really matter if the Democrats have 50% of the council or 10%, because a single Democrat can block a decision. Instead it's more important that every shade of Democrat (or Republican, Green or Libertarian) who could block the proposal if he were part of the population in a direct democracy, can block the proposal on that council.
- They can also be used for settings where variety is more useful than proportionality, e.g. if you're going to give everybody in a group the same set of movies, it may be more important that nobody finds the whole selection completely useless than that the selection is proportional, even if that means that a majority might only have a few movies they're interested in.
- This should probably go on a page, but I haven't found enough sources... and I don't think I can source the name "consensus method" anywhere. Kristomun (talk) 09:14, 7 February 2020 (UTC)
- Hmm, ok. To me, "consensus" is a term used in single-winner methods to indicate that the winner is a good representative of the entire electorate, like a Condorcet winner or utilitarian winner, "centrist" relative to the electorate. https://www.reddit.com/r/EndFPTP/comments/afllvv/
- Borda count is described as a consensus method, for instance: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Borda_count#As_a_consensual_method
- Parker Friedland has a somewhat different definition here: https://forum.electionscience.org/t/is-there-a-better-word-for-utilitarian-consensual/77/9
- And so a multi-winner consensus method would choose a group of "centrist" candidates like this instead of trying to achieve proportional representation. So what Clay Shentrup prefers: "If you think PR is good, you say the three most outer. If you're more like me (skeptical of PR), you say the three center (just barely partisan) are best." https://groups.google.com/d/msg/electionscience/Rk4ZGf-s-s8/AZlBMjajBwAJ — Psephomancy (talk) 17:19, 7 February 2020 (UTC)
- Centrist multiwinner methods, I'd call majoritarian (although that might not work for Range as it doesn't pass the majority criterion to begin with). A method like Minimax approval is rather "anti-centrist" - compared to proportional representation, centrist ones favor large blocs and minimax/consensus ones favor small ones.
- I don't have much sunk into the name, so if you could think of a better one, I wouldn't have a problem changing it. I guess the problem is that it's hard to summarize just what these councils are (nonproportional, but not majoritarian/centrist), so I just went with consensus due to its use when the council uses a consensus/supermajority/unanimity method to vote on issues. Kristomun (talk) 17:40, 7 February 2020 (UTC)